About the CIVICUS Monitor

The CIVICUS Monitor is a research tool that provides quantitative and qualitative data on the state of civil society and civic freedoms in 196 countries. The data is generated through a collaboration with more than 20 civil society research partners, and input from a number of independent human rights evaluations. The data provides the basis for civic space ratings, which are based on up-to-date information and indicators on the state of freedom of association, peaceful assembly and expression. Countries can be rated as: open, narrowed, obstructed, repressed or closed

Acknowledgements for this report

The CIVICUS Monitor is an ongoing research collaboration between global civil society alliance CIVICUS and over 20 research partner organisations that have contributed the bulk of the data upon which this report is based. A full list and description of our partners is here.

The CIVICUS Monitor team is very grateful for the expertise and guidance of an advisory panel that reviews all suggested ratings changes and provides overall guidance and advice. Current members of the advisory panel are: Salwa Abdel Wahed, Gayoon Baek, Myriam Hernández, Hanna Forster, Khoo Ying Hooi, Ana María Palacios, Shariq Siddiqui, Dr Shailendra Singh, Mireille Tushiminina and Silke Pfeiffer.

CIVICUS Monitor research team: Marianna Belalba Barreto, Josef Benedict, Débora Leão, Sylvia Mbataru, Aarti Narsee and Ine Van Severen.

Editor: Andrew Firmin

Editing/Proof-reading: Margaret Fish

Design and layout: Alan Zard, Diego López and Matthew Reading-Smith

CIVICUS team: Amal Atrakouti, Suhani Bhushan, Kgalalelo Gaebee, Natalia Gomez Peña, Tor Hodenfield, David Kode, Masana Ndinga Kanga, Mawethu Nkolomba, Paul Mulindwa, Lisa Majumdar, Nina Teggarty, Emily Standfield, Mandeep Tiwana and Sibahle Zuma.

The CIVICUS Monitor Team would like to thank Dominic Perera and Bobbie Jo Traut for their support and guidance.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence. The views expressed are those of the CIVICUS secretariat and do not necessarily reflect the views of the CIVICUS Monitor research partners.